HIV / AIDS Course

The retrovirus HIV has which of the following effects on the human body:

Eliminates physical growth Attacks hearing and vision capabilities Depletes the immune system It is a unique and deadly type of cancer

A seropositive person receives a diagnosis of AIDS when:

a. They are first diagnosed as being HIV positive. b. They acquire certain opportunistic diseases c. They start to lose weight d. They have a CD4 lymphocyte count below 200 e. Either B or D

People usually know when they have become HIV Positive because symptoms appear within a few weeks.

True False

What year was the first known case of AIDS diagnosed in the United States:

1971 1981 1987 1995

Gaetan Dugas, an HIV positive Canadian Flight Attendant credited with spreading the AIDS virus became known as:

The Carrier The Instigator Patient Zero Agent 007

According to the UNAIDS epidemic update approximately how many people were living with HIV/AIDS in 2004:

11.6 million 26.2 million 39.4 million 50.1 million

T-cell (CD4 ) test and Viral Loads tests help measure the progress of the disease in the body:

True False

Which of the following would not be considered a secondary infection as a result of HIV:

Kaposi's Sarcoma Influenza Coccidioidomycosis Pneumocystis Carinii Pneumonia

Seroconversion, which usually take place between 6 weeks and 3 months after infection is:

The process by which a person becomes diagnosed with AIDS. Refers to the development of antibodies to HIV. The process by which the body shuts down as a result of the AIDS virus.

HIV is transmitted by the following:

Shaking hands Sharing intravenous needles Mosquito bites Through the air

When AIDS was first publicized in the United States the general public was:

Scared Prejudicial Misinformed All of the above

People living with HIV can inform others without fear of reprisal or stigmatism now that everybody understands the disease better:

True False

A thorough biospsychosocial assessment of someone who is HIV evaluates the following:

Physical symptoms. Effect of the disease on lifestyle and relationships. Effect of disease on mood and emotions. Treatment adherence. All of the above.

Why is it important for healthcare professionals to be aware of more than just the physical symptoms of HIV/AIDS?

a. Psychosocial issues affect nutritional and medical treatment adherence. b. Psychosocial issues often affect general wellness. c. It isn't important d. Both a and b

Cognitive restructuring in therapy with HIV patients primarily focuses on:

Behavioral patterns Thought patterns Feelings The patients relationship with their mother

Which of the following statements is false:

There is no evidence that HIV can be transmitted while playing a sport. AIDS affect more than just homosexuals and drug users A person cannot have more than one sexually transmitted disease at a time. A person can transmit the virus to others when on antiretroviral therapy.

Which one of the following statements is true:

HIV can reproduce in insects You can catch HIV from a toilet seat. Babies can contract HIV through breast feeding. Until symptoms of HIV are present in a person they cannot infect others.

What is the purpose of Antiretroviral therapy (ARV)?

To cure HIV To act as a vaccination against HIV To prevent further deterioration of the immune system and prevent death Specialized aromatherapy

Despite encouraging medical advances, an HIV diagnosis creates significant anxiety and distress about one's health, self-identity and close relationships:

True False

Because those with HIV/AIDS know they can live longer lives with current medical treatment, depression is no longer a factor for these patients:

True False

Diseases associated with severe immunodeficiency are known as :

opportunistic infections Viral Infections immunity Infections

The opportunistic infections that indicate a patient has progressed in the disease to having AIDS include a range of diseases such as types of :

pneumonia cancer Tuberculosis All of these

Antiretroviral therapy can slow down the progression of AIDS by decreasing viral load in an infected body.True/False?

True False

HIV-1 was introduced into the human population :

From a subspecies of chimpanzees native to west equatorial Africa. When hunters became exposed to infected blood. Both a and b None of these

The ways of spreading of the Virus are:

The collecting and transfusion of infected blood Sharing of syringes between Illicit drug users Direct or indirect sexual contact with infected individuals All of these

Which statement is true about T-cells:

T-cells are part of the white blood cells that fight off infection They are called T-cells because they come from an organ called the Thymus The two types of t-cells are CD4 and CD8 . All of these

HIV causes a slow decline in CD4 cells in most people.True/False?

True False

The ratio of CD4 cells to CD8 cells for a normal person without HIV disease is:

2:1 1:2 1:1 None of these

 T-cells counts can vary according to:

The circumstances under which the test is taken The stress on the patient How quickly the test is performed after the blood is taken All of these

What do CD4 cells counts mean if the count is below 50 CD4 cells:

No unusual conditions likely Increased risk for opportunistic infections Opportunistic infections (such as PCP, MAC and CMV) are rare Preventative treatment for PCP is indicated

Viral load is :

Another name for T-cell CD4 cells count The amount of genetic material of HIV that is in the blood None of these

Maintaining weight is so important for most people with HIV disease True/False?

True False

A high doses of vitamin A can cause :

liver damage pneumonia Tuberculosis Low weight

_____ can aggravate symptoms of some opportunistic infections.

Dairy foods Breads and grains High fat and sugary foods None of these

Which statement is false about Antiretroviral(ARV):

It is the pharmacological treatment that is used to combat HIV/AIDS. Antiretroviral medication is"substance that stops or suppresses the activity of a retrovirus such as HIV. ARV Therapy should begin before the CD4 (T-cell) count goes below 50 cells AZT, ddC, ddI and d4T are examples of antiretroviral drugs

Sociological issues related to HIV includes:

Rejection Loss of intimacy and other relationships Loneliness Ridicule All of the above

One of the first and most important steps to social intervention related to HIV is:

Empowerment Assist in developing coping skills Educate about community resources Tailor treatment to lifestyle

If the HIV infection gets worse and the CD4 count fall below 200, then a doctor will prescribe :

TMP-SMX Bactrim Cotrim - or other drugs to prevent PCP a or b or c

The earliest known case of HIV-1 in a human was from a blood sample collected in 1959 from a man in:

Los Angeles and New York Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo Canada None of these

When the virus was first diagnosed in the United States from:

1959 1990 1981 1986